Minerals You Need to Preserve Bone Density Over Time

Maintaining strong and healthy bones is essential for overall well-being and quality of life, especially as we age. Bones provide the structural framework that supports our bodies and protects vital organs. To preserve bone density over time, certain minerals play a crucial role.


Magnesium is a vital mineral that plays multiple roles in maintaining bone health. It aids in the regulation of calcium levels in the body, which is crucial for bone formation and maintenance. Without adequate magnesium, the body may struggle to utilize calcium effectively, leading to weaker bones. Magnesium is involved in the activation of vitamin D, another essential nutrient for bone health. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium from the diet, promoting its incorporation into bones. Magnesium indirectly contributes to the preservation of bone density by facilitating the proper utilization of calcium and vitamin D. Magnesium helps convert food into usable energy and has a role in muscle contraction and nerve impulse transmission. It can be found in many foods, such as leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. To ensure adequate intake of magnesium for optimal bone health, it is recommended to consume a nutrient-dense diet including these foods.


When it comes to bone health, calcium is the most well-known and crucial mineral. Our bones store around 99% of the body’s calcium, making it essential for maintaining bone density and strength. Throughout life, our bodies constantly remove and deposit calcium into bones to maintain balance. Calcium is not only essential for bone health but also for other bodily functions. Muscles, nerves, and the heart rely on calcium to function properly. Inadequate calcium intake can lead to the body leaching calcium from bones, weakening them over time and increasing the risk of fractures and osteoporosis. Teeth aren’t bones but they are similar in that they also need calcium. Dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are excellent sources of calcium. Other good sources include salmon, tofu, almonds, and dark leafy greens like kale and spinach. Eating a variety of these foods is the best way to ensure an adequate intake of calcium for optimal bone health.


Next to calcium, phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body and plays a critical role in bone health. It is a major component of hydroxyapatite, which is the primary mineral in bones and teeth. About 85% of the body’s phosphorus is stored in bones, supporting their strength and structure. Phosphorus works alongside calcium to form strong bones and teeth. It helps in the production of energy molecules (ATP) required for bone formation and repair. A deficiency in phosphorus can lead to weak bones and negatively impact bone density. The body needs a balance of calcium and phosphorus, and the two minerals work together to ensure bones stay healthy. Phosphorus is also essential for other processes in the body such as protein synthesis, energy production, cell repair, muscle contraction, and maintaining acid-base balance. It helps transport vitamin B12 around the body and aids in kidney function by filtering out waste products. It is found in high amounts in foods like fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, nuts, and legumes. 

By adopting a healthy lifestyle and ensuring adequate intake of these essential minerals, individuals can preserve bone density and reduce the risk of bone-related issues, promoting overall well-being and longevity.

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