Dental Work You Need Done When You Have Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a common dental problem that occurs when the enamel of the tooth is damaged by bacteria and acids, leading to cavities. When left untreated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and further damage to the tooth structure. Here are three types of dental work that are commonly performed to treat tooth decay.


Fillings are one of the most common dental treatments for tooth decay. They involve removing the decayed portion of the tooth and filling the space with a restorative material. Fillings can be made of various materials, including composite resin, porcelain, or amalgam (a mixture of metals). During the procedure, the dentist will first numb the area around the affected tooth with local anesthesia. They will then remove the decayed portion using a dental drill or laser. After cleaning the cavity, the dentist will fill it with the chosen restorative material, shaping it to match the natural contours of the tooth. Fillings not only repair the damage caused by tooth decay but also prevent further decay by sealing off the cavity and preventing bacteria from reentering. They restore the tooth’s functionality and aesthetics, allowing you to chew and speak comfortably.


When tooth decay is extensive and has caused significant damage to the tooth structure, a crown may be necessary. A crown is a dental restoration that covers the entire visible portion of the tooth above the gum line. It provides strength, support, and protection to a weakened or damaged tooth. The process of getting a crown typically involves two appointments. During the first visit, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any decay and reshaping it to accommodate the crown. An impression of the tooth will be taken and sent to a dental laboratory, where the custom crown will be fabricated. In the second appointment, the dentist will place the crown over the prepared tooth, ensuring a proper fit and alignment. The crown is typically made of porcelain, metal, or a mixture of the two. Porcelain crowns offer a natural appearance, while metal crowns provide durability and strength.

Root Canal

In cases where tooth decay has reached the pulp or nerve of the tooth, a root canal may be necessary. A root canal is a procedure performed to remove the infected or inflamed pulp from the tooth’s interior, clean the root canals, and seal them to prevent further infection. During a root canal procedure, the dentist will numb the area with local anesthesia. They will then create an access point to reach the tooth’s pulp chamber and remove the infected or damaged pulp. After cleaning and disinfecting the root canals, the dentist will fill them with a material called gutta-percha and seal the access point with a temporary filling.

Tooth decay requires prompt dental treatment to prevent further damage and complications. Depending on the severity of the decay, fillings, crowns, or root canals may be necessary. Regular dental check-ups and practicing good oral hygiene can help prevent tooth decay and the need for extensive dental work. If you suspect you have tooth decay, it is essential to consult with a dentist who can recommend the most appropriate dental treatment for your specific case.

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